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MLA 9: Introduction to MLA Format (9th ed.)

Learn how to format your papers and cite sources in MLA 9th edition..

What is MLA Style?

MLA style is a citation style usually used in English and the humanities. MLA stands for the Modern Language Association. The 9th edition (2021) of MLA is very similar to that of the 8th edition (2016).

MLA Handbook & MLA Style Center

The MLA Handbook is the official guide to MLA format. You can also visit the MLA Style Center for official guidance.

Microsoft 365 Access

All Merced College students have access to Microsoft 365 (formerly branded as Office 365), which includes Word, through student email.

Introduction to Citation Styles: MLA 9th ed.

"This video introduces the purpose and basic conventions of citing sources in-text and Works Cited using the [MLA] Style, 9th edition, 2021" (CSUDH Library, 3:38).

Why, When, & How to Cite Information

Why Cite?

  • To give credit to others for their ideas
  • To provide support for your argument
  • To help your reader find and read the sources you used

When to Cite

  • Paraphrasing, summarizing, or directly quoting from any source
  • Acknowledging another person for an idea
  • Using your own previous work

How to Cite

MLA citation requires two parts:

  1. In-Text Citations - brief citations included within the text of your paper. They point your reader to the full citation at the end of your paper.
  2. Work Cited Page - a page at the end of your paper listing all the sources you used.