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Sonography: Recognizing Scholarly Journal Articles

This guide is designed to help sonography students with their research needs.

Scholarly Journal Articles

Scholarly articles include original studies and review articles that contribute to the current scholarship on a given topic. They are written by experts for other experts and are published in journals, many of which are peer-reviewed, meaning that they have been reviewed by other experts before being published. In the Sciences, researchers will be sharing the results of experiments. In the Social Sciences, researchers will be sharing the results of social experiments, interviews, surveys, etc.

Anatomy of Scholarly Science & Social Science Articles

The table below describes the components of scholarly articles in the Sciences and Social Sciences. The majority of articles in these disciplines will have the sections listed below.

Abstract Brief summary of the article, including research question, methodology and results.
Introduction Background information about the topic, leading up to why this study is being done, and may include a brief literature review.
Methods Description of how the study procedures, set-up and how data was collected.
Results/Findings Presentation of the data from the study. This section often includes tables, charts, or other visualizations of the data.
Discussion Analysis of the data and how the study relates to existing knowledge of the topic. The authors evaluate whether their results answer their research question. 
Conclusion The authors wrap up the article by discussion how their study contributes to the research on this topic and outline future  potential research questions or studies. 
References List of resources that the authors consulted when developing their research and subsequently cited in their article.

Peer Review in 3 Minutes

North Carolina State University (NCSU) Libraries, 3:15

How To Read a Scholarly Article

Western Libraries (2:34)