Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

MLA 9th Edition: Introduction to MLA Format (9th ed.)

Learn how to format your papers and cite resources in MLA 9th edition..

MLA Style

MLA style is usually used in English and the humanities. MLA stands for the Modern Language Association.

Why, When, & How to Cite Information

Why Cite?

  • To give credit to others for their ideas
  • To provide support for your argument
  • To help your reader find and read the sources you used

When to Cite

  • Paraphrasing, summarizing, or directly quoting from any source
  • Acknowledging another person for an idea
  • Using your own previous work

How to Cite

MLA citation requires two parts:

  1. In-Text Citations - brief citations included within the text of your paper. They point your reader to the full citation at the end of your paper.
  2. Work Cited Page - a page at the end of your paper listing all the sources you used. (This page is not published as we are updating it.)

MLA Citations (8th Edition)

McMaster Libraries (3:38)

MLA Handbook & MLA Style Center

The MLA Handbook is the official guide to MLA format. You can also visit the MLA Style Center for official guidance.