North Carolina State University Libraries (3:14).
The process of evaluating a source includes examining the source itself and examining other sources by:
The questions below will help you think critically during the source evaluation process:
Purpose: How and why the source was created.
Relevance: The value of the source for your needs.
Objectivity: The reasonableness and completeness of the information.
Verifiability: The accuracy and truthfulness of the information.
Expertise: The authority of the authors and the source.
Newness: The age of the information.
1Based on Caulfield, Mike. "Four Moves and a Habit." Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers, 2017.
If you’re visiting an online health site for the first time or downloading a new app, ask these five questions:
Find even more from the National Institute of Health's "Finding and Evaluating Online Resources" guide.
Mike Caulfield's Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers suggests the following strategies.
Make use of fact-checking sites. A few are listed below; find more in Caulfield's free online book.
Click on the links embedded in news articles to check if the original sources are being accurately represented.
Find out what other sites say about the site. Below are two sources that can help you determine biases and accuracy in reporting.